Guidelines for safe food handling
Guidelines for safe food handling

When it comes to food, safety should always come first. Unsafe food handling practices can lead to foodborne illnesses, which can be harmful or even deadly in some cases. That is why it is important to follow guidelines for safe food handling to ensure that the food we eat is safe and healthy.

Proper Handwashing

Washing your hands is the most important step in preventing the spread of germs. Always wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds before and after handling food, after using the bathroom, and after touching animals or garbage. Remember to lather your hands thoroughly and rinse them well.

Separate Raw and Cooked Foods

Raw meat, poultry, and seafood can contain harmful bacteria that can spread to other foods. Always separate raw foods from ready-to-eat foods to avoid cross-contamination. Use separate cutting boards, utensils, and plates for raw and cooked foods.

Cook Food to the Correct Temperature

Cooking food to the correct temperature can kill harmful bacteria. Use a food thermometer to check the internal temperature of meat, poultry, and seafood. The safe internal temperatures are:

  • Beef, pork, veal, and lamb – 145°F
  • Ground meats – 160°F
  • Poultry – 165°F
  • Seafood – 145°F

Refrigerate Food Promptly

Refrigeration can slow down the growth of harmful bacteria. Always refrigerate perishable foods within 2 hours of cooking or purchasing. Keep the refrigerator temperature at or below 40°F and the freezer at or below 0°F. Use or freeze refrigerated leftovers within 3-4 days.

Be Cautious with Buffets and Potlucks

When eating at buffets or potlucks, be cautious of the food that has been sitting out for long periods. Hot foods should be kept hot (above 140°F) and cold foods should be kept cold (below 40°F). Avoid foods that have been sitting out for more than 2 hours.

Don’t Forget to Wash Fruits and Vegetables

Fruits and vegetables can contain harmful bacteria. Always wash them thoroughly under running water before eating or cooking.


What is the danger zone for food?

The danger zone is the temperature range between 40°F and 140°F where bacteria can grow rapidly.

Can you get sick from eating undercooked eggs?

Yes, undercooked or raw eggs can contain Salmonella bacteria, which can cause foodborne illness.

Is it safe to eat food that has been frozen for a long time?

Yes, as long as the food has been kept at or below 0°F, it is safe to eat. However, the quality may not be as good.

How can I prevent cross-contamination?

Always separate raw and cooked foods, use separate cutting boards and utensils, and wash your hands and surfaces thoroughly between handling different foods.

Can I use the same marinade for raw and cooked meats?

No, marinades that have been in contact with raw meat, poultry, or seafood should never be used on cooked foods. Use a fresh marinade instead.

What should I do if I think I have food poisoning?

If you have symptoms of food poisoning such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or fever, seek medical attention immediately.

How long can I keep leftovers in the refrigerator?

Leftovers can be kept in the refrigerator for 3-4 days.

Can I refreeze thawed food?

It is not recommended to refreeze thawed food as it can cause bacteria to grow. However, if the food has been thawed in the refrigerator and has not been at room temperature for more than 2 hours, it can be refrozen.


Following guidelines for safe food handling can prevent foodborne illnesses, which can be harmful or even deadly. Safe food handling practices can also help to preserve the quality and freshness of food, reduce food waste, and save money on medical bills.


Always wash your hands and surfaces thoroughly before and after handling food. Use a food thermometer to check the internal temperature of meat, poultry, and seafood. Keep your refrigerator and freezer at the correct temperatures. When in doubt, throw it out.


Guidelines for safe food handling are important to prevent foodborne illnesses. Proper handwashing, separating raw and cooked foods, cooking food to the correct temperature, refrigerating food promptly, being cautious with buffets and potlucks, and washing fruits and vegetables are all important steps to ensure the safety and healthiness of the food we eat. Remember to follow these guidelines to keep you and your family safe and healthy.